MeanDB

Vaginitis Meaning

What is vaginitis meaning? One third of women experience vaginitis at some time in their lives. Vaginitis, defined as an infection of the vagina, can affect both women and their partners. Vaginitis, which can be prevented with the right precautions, can be easily treated.

What is vaginitis meaning?

Vaginitis is an inflammation of a woman’s vagina. Up to a third of women will show symptoms of vaginitis at some time in their lives. Vaginitis affects women of all ages but is most common during reproductive years. There are many possible factors and the type of treatment depends on the agent.

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can cause discharge, itching, and pain. The cause is usually a change in the normal vaginal bacterial balance or infection. Decreased estrogen levels and some skin disorders after menopause can also cause vaginitis.

What are the symptoms of vaginitis?

Symptoms vary according to the type of vaginitis. For example, the most common type of vaginitis is a yeast infection. Some types of antibiotics increase this risk. It is manifested by itching and burning of the vulva area outside the vagina. Burning may be worse with urination or sexual intercourse. The vulva may be red and swollen.

Vaginal discharge is usually white, lumpy and has no odor. Some women with yeast infections notice an increase or change in discharge. Others do not notice any discharge. A discharge with a strong fishy odor may indicate bacterial vaginosis. The smell may be more during the menstrual period or after sexual intercourse. The discharge is usually thin and dark or dull gray, but may also take on a greenish color. Itching is uncommon but may be present if there is a lot of discharge.

Another type of vaginitis spread through sexual intercourse is Trichomoniasis. Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by the microscopic parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is spread through sexual intercourse. Women with trichomoniasis are at increased risk of infection with other STDs. Symptoms of trichomoniasis include a yellow-gray or green vaginal discharge. The discharge may have a fishy odor. There may be burning, irritation, redness and swelling of the vulva. Sometimes there may be pain when urinating. In the case of atrophic vaginitis, it is not caused by an infection but can cause discharge and vaginal irritation.

It can occur at any time when female hormone levels drop, such as during breastfeeding or after menopause. Symptoms include dryness and burning. A change in normal balance can allow fungi or bacteria to increase and cause vaginitis. This causes the epithelium of the vagina to become inflamed. Vaginitis can cause itching, foul odor, or profuse discharge. In case of any abnormal discharge, burning or itching, a doctor should be consulted immediately.

Vaginitis signs and symptoms can include:

  • Changes in color, smell or amount of discharge in the vagina
  • Vaginal itching or irritation
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Pain when urinating
  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting

What causes vaginitis?

A small amount of clear or cloudy white fluid flow from a woman’s vagina is normal. This keeps the tissue wet and healthy. The vagina contains various organisms such as bacteria and fungi in balance so that it can function normally. Some factors can upset this normal balance of the vagina:

  • Antibiotics
  • Changes in hormone levels
  • Pregnancy
  • Breast-feeding
  • Menopause
  • Vaginal showers
  • Spermicides (spermicidal substances used for contraception)
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Infection

A change in normal balance can allow fungi or bacteria to increase and cause vaginitis. This causes the epithelium of the vagina to become inflamed. Vaginitis can cause itching, foul odor, or profuse discharge.

Taking antibiotics, changes in hormone levels experienced during pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause, birth control drugs, vaginal drugs, spermicide drugs, sexually transmitted diseases and stress can cause vaginitis.

How is vaginitis diagnosed?

For the diagnosis of vaginitis, a sample of the vaginal discharge is taken and this sample is examined. Not taking a vaginal douche before seeing the doctor to ensure that the results of the tests are correct; You should not use any vaginal drugs or spermicides.

To diagnose vaginitis, your doctor will take a sample of the discharge from your vagina; will examine it under microscope or send it to culture. Your doctor may also order other tests. To ensure that the results of the tests are correct, do not douche before seeing your doctor; Do not use any vaginal medication or spermicide.

What is the treatment for vaginitis?

Treatment is done according to the cause of vaginitis. Treatment can be an oral pill or a cream, tablet or gel applied to the vagina. In some cases, the spouse can also be treated.

Even if the discharge or other symptoms disappear before finishing the medication, it is important to follow the doctor’s instructions exactly. Although symptoms disappear, the infection may still be present. Stopping treatment early can cause symptoms to return. If symptoms recur after treatment is completed, it is necessary to see the doctor. A different treatment may be required.

What are the types of vaginitis?

A. Fungus Infection

Fungal infection is also known as candidiasis. It is one of the most common types of vaginal infections.

Active. It is formed by a fungus called Candida. This is normally found in small numbers in the vagina. However, when the balance of bacteria and fungi in the vagina changes, the fungi can overgrow and cause symptoms.

Some types of antibiotics increase your risk of yeast infections. Antibiotics kill the normal vaginal bacteria that keep fungi in check; mushrooms can thus overgrow. If a woman is pregnant or has diabetes (diabetes), she is more likely to have a fungal infection. Fungi overgrowth can also happen if the immune system that protects the body from disease is not functioning well. For example, fungal infections can be severe in women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). They may not go away even with treatment or they may recur frequently. In many cases, the cause of the fungal infection is unknown.

Symptoms. The most common symptoms of fungal infection are itching and burning of the area outside the vagina called the vulva. Burning may be worse with urination or sexual intercourse. The vulva may be red and swollen. Vaginal discharge is usually white, lumpy and has no odor. Some women with yeast infections notice an increase or change in discharge. Others do not notice any discharge.

Treatment. Fungal infections can be treated by inserting medication into the vagina or swallowing pills. In most cases, treatment of male sexual partners is not required. You should definitely see your doctor if:

  • If you have a vaginal infection for the first time
  • Your symptoms do not go away after treatment
  • If your vaginal discharge is yellow or green or foul smelling
  • If you are likely to have a sexually transmitted disease (STD)

Sometimes a woman may think she has a yeast infection when she actually has another problem. Just like fungi, there are various conditions that cause itching and burning. If there is another reason, the woman is taking medication for a yeast infection, it may be more difficult to find the actual cause.

What can you do?
There are some things you can do to reduce your risk of getting vaginitis:

  • Do not use feminine hygiene sprays or scented deodorant tampons.
  • Do not try to hide or cover a bad smell. This could be a sign of an infection that requires you to see your doctor right away.
  • Do not do a vaginal douche or wash the inside of the vagina. It is better to let the vagina clean on its own.
  • Use a condom during sexual intercourse.
  • If you have been prescribed antibiotics for another type of infection, talk to your doctor about preventing fungal infections.

B. Bacterial Vaginosis

Active. Bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis are found naturally in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when these bacteria multiply.

Symptoms. The most important symptom is increased discharge with a strong fishy odor. The smell may be more during your menstrual period or after sexual intercourse. The discharge is usually thin and dark or dull gray, but may also take on a greenish color. Itching is uncommon but may be present if there is a lot of discharge.

Treatment. A variety of different antibiotics can be used to treat bacterial vaginosis, but there are two most commonly used: metronidazole and clindamycin. These can be taken by mouth or placed in the vagina in the form of a tablet, cream, or gel.

When metronidazole is taken by mouth, it can cause side effects in some patients. These may include nausea, vomiting and dark urine color, severe nausea and vomiting. Do not drink alcohol while using metronidazole, this combination

Often there is no need to treat the woman’s sexual partner. However, partner treatment may be helpful if the woman has recurrent infections.

Bacterial vaginosis often recurs. It may require long-term or repeated treatments. In the majority of cases, treatment works on time. Sometimes, if bacterial vaginosis occurs repeatedly, it could mean you have an STD. Your doctor can give you tests for other infections.

C. Trikomoniyazis

Active. Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by the microscopic parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is spread through sexual intercourse. Women with trichomoniasis are at increased risk of infection with other STDs.

Symptoms. Symptoms of trichomoniasis include a yellow-gray or green vaginal discharge. The discharge may have a fishy odor. There may be burning, irritation, redness and swelling of the vulva. Sometimes there may be pain when urinating.

Treatment. Trichomoniasis is usually treated with a single oral dose of metronidazole. Do not drink alcohol for 24 hours after taking this medicine as it may cause nausea and vomiting. Sexual partners should be treated to prevent recurrence of the infection.

D. Atrophic Vaginite

This condition is not caused by an infection, but can cause discharge and vaginal irritation. It can occur at any time when female hormone levels drop, such as during breastfeeding or after menopause. Symptoms include dryness and burning. Atrophic vaginitis is treated with estrogen, which can be applied as a vaginal cream, ring or tablet. A water-soluble lubricant may also be beneficial during sexual intercourse.

As a result; Consult your doctor as soon as you notice any signs of vaginitis, such as abnormal discharge or burning or itching. Although vaginitis causes discomfort, it can almost always be treated after the agent is found.

Frequently asked questions about vaginitis

What are the types of vaginitis?

Fungal infection, bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, atrophic vaginitis are types of vaginal inflammation, namely vaginitis.

How does a fungal infection happen?

Fungal infection is also known as candidiasis. It is one of the most common types of vaginal infections. The causative agent is created by a fungus called Candida. This is normally found in small numbers in the vagina. However, when the balance of bacteria and fungi in the vagina changes, the fungi can multiply and cause symptoms. Some types of antibiotics increase the risk of yeast infections.

Antibiotics kill the normal vaginal bacteria that keep fungi in check; mushrooms can thus overgrow. If a woman is pregnant or has diabetes (diabetes), she is more likely to have a fungal infection. Fungi overgrowth can also happen if the immune system that protects the body from disease is not functioning well. For example, fungal infections can be severe in women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). They may not go away even with treatment or they may recur frequently. In many cases, the cause of the fungal infection is unknown.

What is the symptom of a fungal infection?

The most common symptoms of fungal infection are itching and burning of the area outside the vagina called the vulva. Burning may be worse with urination or sexual intercourse. The vulva may be red and swollen. Vaginal discharge is usually white, lumpy and has no odor. Some women with fungal infections notice an increase or change in discharge. Others do not notice any discharge.

How is fungal infection treated?

Fungal infections can be treated by inserting medication into the vagina or swallowing pills. In most cases, treatment of male sexual partners is not required. It is necessary to see the doctor if:

  • If you have a vaginal infection for the first time
  • Your symptoms do not go away after treatment
  • If your vaginal discharge is yellow or green or foul smelling
  • If you are likely to have a sexually transmitted disease (STD)

Sometimes a woman may think she has a yeast infection when she actually has another problem. Just like fungi, there are various conditions that cause itching and burning. If there is another reason, the woman is taking medication for a yeast infection, it may be more difficult to find the actual cause.

What causes bacterial vaginosis?

Bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis are found naturally in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when these bacteria multiply.

What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?

The most important symptom is increased discharge with a strong fishy odor. The smell may be more during your menstrual period or after sexual intercourse. The discharge is usually thin and dark or dull gray, but may also take on a greenish color. Itching is uncommon but may be present if there is a lot of discharge.

How is bacterial vaginosis treated?

A variety of different antibiotics can be used to treat bacterial vaginosis, but there are two most commonly used. These can be taken by mouth or placed in the vagina in the form of a tablet, cream, or gel. Some antibiotics when taken by mouth can cause side effects in some patients. These may include nausea, vomiting and dark urine color, severe nausea and vomiting. Often there is no need to treat the woman’s sexual partner.

However, partner treatment may be helpful if the woman has recurrent infections. Bacterial vaginosis often recurs. It may require long-term or repeated treatments. In the majority of cases, treatment works on time. Sometimes, if bacterial vaginosis occurs repeatedly, it could mean you have an STD. The doctor may perform tests for other infections.

How is trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by the microscopic parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is spread through sexual intercourse. Women with trichomoniasis are at increased risk of infection with other STDs.

What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?

Symptoms of trichomoniasis include a yellow-gray or green vaginal discharge. The discharge may have a fishy odor. There may be burning, irritation, redness and swelling of the vulva. Sometimes there may be pain when urinating.

What is the treatment for trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is usually treated with a single oral dose of metronidazole. Do not drink alcohol for 24 hours after taking this medicine as it may cause nausea and vomiting. Sexual partners should be treated to prevent recurrence of the infection.

How is atrophic vaginitis?

This condition is not caused by an infection, but can cause discharge and vaginal irritation. It can occur at any time when female hormone levels drop, such as during breastfeeding or after menopause. Symptoms include dryness and burning. Atrophic vaginitis is treated with estrogen, which can be applied as a vaginal cream, ring or tablet.

A water-soluble lubricant may also be beneficial during sexual intercourse. As a result; Consult your doctor as soon as you notice any signs of vaginitis, such as abnormal discharge or burning or itching. Although vaginitis causes discomfort, it can almost always be treated after the agent is found.

What are the ways to prevent vaginitis?

  1. Do not use feminine hygiene sprays or scented deodorant tampons.
  2. Do not try to hide or cover a bad smell. This could be a sign of an infection that requires you to see your doctor right away.
  3. Do not douche or wash inside the vagina. It is better to let the vagina clean on its own.
  4. Use a condom during sexual intercourse.
  5. If you have been prescribed antibiotics for another type of infection, talk to your doctor about preventing yeast infections.

Is there a cure for vaginitis?

It is the best solution to consult a doctor after you notice any abnormal discharge or signs of vaginitis such as burning or itching. Although vaginitis causes discomfort, it can almost always be treated after the agent is found.

How is genital hygiene provided during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, the genital area becomes much more sensitive and more susceptible to infections. This area is susceptible to being more moist due to the weight gain, and there may be a constant state of discharge as vaginal secretions will increase during pregnancy. If it is not kept clean enough, infections with fungus and other malodorous itchy currents are seen. For this reason, you should change the clothes frequently, avoid synthetic nylon panties and prefer cotton clothes. Toilet cleaning should be done from front to back, if there are any symptoms such as itching, green discharge, burning, the physician should be consulted quickly.

How should the genital area be cleaned?

The most important rule to be considered in cleaning the genital area is cleaning after the toilet is finished. Cleaning should always be done from front to back, especially after a large toilet. If wiping is done from the back to the front, the germs in the stool can spread to the vagina and urinary hole, and then infections may occur. While washing the genital area, it is necessary to avoid irritating products such as extremely hot water, soaps, shower gels, perfume, cologne.

When washing this area, warmer cold water should be preferred, especially in the shower. Specially produced washing fluids, generally called intim, with a pH level of 4 or less suitable for the acidic environment of this region, can be used. While washing, the inside of the vagina is never washed deeply, but rather the superficial foamed and rinsed.

Does the fungus become chronic?

Vaginal fungus treatment is an easy treatment that does not take too long, but if not treated properly, the fungus can become recurrent, that is, chronic fungus. It is necessary to take probiotic tablets with the antimustar therapy prescribed by the physician. In addition, this area should be kept clean and should not be left moist, especially overweight patients can dry their genitals better with the cold temperature of the hair dryer after a shower.

The treatment is usually applied with the partner, and sexual intercourse should be avoided during the treatment. Some recurrent fungal diseases may have other underlying causes. In cases such as cancer treatments, AIDS or diabetes that affect the body’s immune system, the fungus can be stubborn. In such cases, it is very important to reveal and treat the underlying causes.

Glossary of Terms

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis: A type of vaginal infection caused by the overgrowth of a group of organisms normally found in the vagina.
  2. Candidiasis: A type of vaginitis caused by an overgrowth of Candidiasis (a fungus normally found in the vagina), also called fungal infection or moniliasis.
  3. Clindamycin: An antibiotic used to treat certain types of vaginitis, as well as many other types of infections.
  4. Estrogen: A female hormone produced by the ovaries that stimulates the development of the lining of the uterus.
  5. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): A virus that attacks certain cells of the body’s immune system and causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  6. Metronidazole: An antibiotic used to treat some vaginal and abdominal infections.
  7. Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD): It refers to diseases spread by sexual contact. Chlamydia infection, gonorrhea (gonorrhea), genital warts, herpes (cold sores), syphilis (syphilis) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  8. Spermicides: Chemical substances that inactivate sperm. They are available in the form of creams, gels, mousses and suppositories (suppositories). Some condoms are covered with spermicides.
  9. Vulva: Lips of the female external genital area

Vaginitis Meaning

Updated: 16 November 2021, 20:39